first_img © 2017 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in South Africa has found that African penguins sometimes work together to corral fish to allow for more efficient foraging. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the group describes how they studied the birds, what they found and why they believe the penguins might go extinct if something does not change soon. Citation: African penguins found to work together to corral fish for foraging (2017, September 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-09-african-penguins-corral-fish-foraging.html Credit: CC0 Public Domain Emperor penguins use sea ice to rest between long foraging periods Journal information: Royal Society Open Sciencecenter_img Explore further More information: Alistair M. McInnes et al. Group foraging increases foraging efficiency in a piscivorous diver, the African penguin, Royal Society Open Science (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.170918AbstractMarine piscivores have evolved a variety of morphological and behavioural adaptations, including group foraging, to optimize foraging efficiency when targeting shoaling fish. For penguins that are known to associate at sea and feed on these prey resources, there is nonetheless a lack of empirical evidence to support improved foraging efficiency when foraging with conspecifics. We examined the hunting strategies and foraging performance of breeding African penguins equipped with animal-borne video recorders. Individuals pursued both solitary as well as schooling pelagic fish, and demonstrated independent as well as group foraging behaviour. The most profitable foraging involved herding of fish schools upwards during the ascent phase of a dive where most catches constituted depolarized fish. Catch-per-unit-effort was significantly improved when targeting fish schools as opposed to single fish, especially when foraging in groups. In contrast to more generalist penguin species, African penguins appear to have evolved specialist hunting strategies closely linked to their primary reliance on schooling pelagic fish. The specialist nature of the observed hunting strategies further limits the survival potential of this species if Allee effects reduce group size-related foraging efficiency. This is likely to be exacerbated by diminishing fish stocks due to resource competition and environmental change. African penguins live off the southern coast of Africa. Like other penguins, they survive by eating small fish—in this cased, their diet is generally sardines and anchovies. But the African penguins have also been found to engage in a fishing behavior that has never been seen in penguins before—group coordinated foraging.Noting that the African penguin population has been dwindling due to diminished ocean fisheries over the past several decades, the researchers decided to take a closer look at their feeding habits. They affixed miniature cameras to the backs of 12 of the birds and used the data to create video for review. In all, the team amassed 14 hours of video, which revealed a lot about the life of the penguins.In addition to footage showing the penguins preening, there was also evidence of how they fished. The researchers report that the birds did their foraging alone approximately 66 percent of the time—the other 33 percent of the time, they worked together as a cohesive unit to usher fish into columns and then into balls. Dolphins have been seen doing the same on many occasions, but this was the first time it has been seen in penguins. Corralling the fish into a ball allows for easier foraging. In watching the video footage, researchers were able to compare the efficiency of fishing alone versus fishing with a group, and found that when the birds fished together, they were more than twice as efficient. The team also found evidence of the birds communicating prior to collaborative foraging, suggesting they planned their assault on their prey.The researchers note that the population of African penguins has dropped from 4 or 5 million two centuries ago to just 50,000 today, which possibly explains why they coordinate their foraging so seldom despite the near guarantee of more food—there are not always enough of them around to form a large enough group. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

first_imgThe Bangladesh High Commission celebrated Bangladesh at the Indian Habitat Centre in the Capital from Thursday to Friday. The numerous people who filled the stein auditorium experienced not only one form of expression but many. Together, at the same time, we were all a part of poetry, music, dance, drama, recitation, expressions and Tagore! The Commission had gathered a rather gifted troupe from Shadhona, led by prominent dance proponent, Lubna Mariam from Dhaka showcasing the brilliance of the Bengali performing traditions from Bangladesh for the evenings! Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The first day of the event saw From Finite to Infinite: The Spirit of Bangladesh. From Finite to Infinite, or Atma theke Paramatrna, was a presentation of the mystic musical- dancing traditions of Bangladesh which inherently believe that the finite body has the potential to realize the infinite creative principle through earthly practices. Through centuries these practices have empowered the common man to think beyond the normative confines of sectarian beliefs. The performances, including Buddhist Charya, Vaishnava Manipuri, Brahrro and Baul, give a historical perspective of the traditions, through music and dance; while reflecting the essence of the spirit of Bangladesh. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixOn the second day we had Towards Light or Alor pane praner chawla. It is a geeti-nritya alekhya, or presentation through words and movements, that describes the, almost, indescribable journey of our prana, or life force, towards the illuminating light of gyaan or knowledge. It was based on excerpts of songs and poems by Rabindranath Tagore, who himself was continuously journeying towards enlightenment. Lubna Marium — aesthete, danseuse, dance pioneer, teacher, choreographer and impresario is a pioneering figure in the contemporary South Asian cultural scenario. Daughter of illustrious parents Colonel Quazi Nooruzzaman and Professor Sultana Zaman, Lubna Marium has dedicated a lifetime to the promotion of culture, particularly dance and other performing arts. She is the director of Shadhona — a center for promotion of South Asian performing arts, and principal of Kalpataru — a school of dance, music and arts in Dhaka.  Shadhona has done some pioneering work in reviving almost extinct dance/martial arts forms – Lathi Khela and Charya dance. Lubna Marium in an interview says, ‘at Shadhona, we have been working on a folk-narrative, and needed movements that better express the narrative. That started me off on a search for indigenous dance forms. I was astonished to find, in Bangladesh, some beautiful performing traditions which included vibrant dance forms – Padmar Nachon, Lathikhela, Jari. We couldn’t just learn these traditions and ignore the practitioners who have nurtured and preserved them with almost no patronage. Thus the ‘Robi Cholo Lathi Kheli’ project started. Similarly, we are working on a Buddhist narrative, which incorporates the ancient “Charyapada” lyrics. Again, I went a-searching and found Charya Nritya – a tantric dance which has its own set of hand-gestures. This led me to researching into the origins of our language of hand-movements. In fact, my interest is in the entire gamut of work dealing with the body-mind connection, on which practices like ‘yoga’ are based.’ Bangladesh of course gave its best! And let’s say, Delhi welcomed Bangladesh with warm hearts.last_img read more

first_imgExhibiting the graphic prints from the collection of National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), a show titled Celebrating Indigenous Printmaking is being organised in the Capital. The exhibition that opens on 18 September at National Gallery of Modern Art, Jaipur House, will be inaugurated by Shripad Naik, Hon’ble Minister of State for Culture & Tourism (Independent Charge) in the presence of Ravindra Singh, Secretary, Ministry of Culture, and Government of India.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’NGMA aims to acquire and preserve works of modern art from 1850s onwards. It organises exhibitions not only in its own premises but also in other parts of the country and abroad. NGMA also organises lectures, seminars and conference to encourage higher studies and research in the field of art history, art criticism, art appreciation, museology and the inter-relations on visual and performing arts.It is responsible to ensure quality and maintain the standards of excellence. It helps people to look at the works of modern art with joy, understanding and knowledge by extending their relationship with our daily life and experiencing them as vital expressions of the human spirit.last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: Mayor Sovan Chatterjee on Friday made it clear before the Alipore Court that he would stick to his decision of divorce. Both Chatterjee and his wife Ratna appeared before the Alipore Court hearing in the case of a divorce petition that was filed by the Mayor last year.Sources at the court said the judge tried his best to mend matters, however, Chatterjee stuck to his stand of seeking divorce. It is, however, not for the first time that Chatterjee had said he wants to part her ways with her wife. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIt is learnt that Chatterjee told the judge that he has been financially cornered by his wife and does not want any sort of amicability with his wife. Ratna Chatterjee started shedding tears at the adamant attitude of her husband and left the court room weeping as the hearing ended.The Mayor was supposed to appear before the court on April 26 but he skipped attendance citing his poor health condition.Mayor Sovan Chatterjee on April 20 had lodged a complaint with Kolkata Police Commissioner Rajeev Kumar claiming that the officer-in-charge of Parnasree police station is allegedly threatening his security men and is taking side of his wife Ratna Chatterjee. Chatterjee in his complaint letter to Kumar on Thursday alleged that some private security personnel, whom he had appointed to guard his assets and documents at his ancestral property in Parnasree, have been threatened by Ratna Chatterjee in connivance with the local police officials.last_img read more

first_imgDhoomimal Gallery is showcasing the art works and archival material by F.N. Souza curated by Vinod Bharadwaj and Brij Sharma. As the name says Souza – City of Women, you will see the most popular artworks of nude women. His artworks are provocative and he does so like no other Indian artist does. There is nothing genteel about his works. He is totally uninhibited yet so endearing and so full of candor, grace and originality. That’s the common thread whether one is contemplating his life, his art or his writings. Thus, to understand the sexuality, mystery, eroticism and beauty of Souza’s women one needs to have wide-open eyes, not a narrow and puritan mind.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’People may seem to think erotica was founded by Hugh Hefner and that the Playboy magazine is the oldest of its forms, but if we go back hundreds of thousands of years, we would find erotica is as natural an emotion or element of nature as depicted in the sculptures and carvings of Khajurao and many other examples of gods and goddesses in erotic forms have actually been part of Indian history. Then why today we have such suppression.The idea of an evolved society is to have the capability of thinking, even discussing and then channelizing the thoughts.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixLetters written by Souza are not easy to come by, though he was a prolific correspondent. Vinod Bhardwaj had perhaps the finest set of them where Souza commented freely in his now-dismissive-now-sarcastic style about the work of his contemporaries offering cogent arguments to support his beliefs. Francis Newton Souza’s work is the strongest among all equals. Souza is the face of Indian Contemporary Art internationally. From landscapes to nudes, still life to strong heads, Souza’s done it all.When: On till April 30Where: Dhoomilal Art Gallery, CPlast_img read more

first_imgA collaborative production inspired by the stories, struggles, dreams and hopes of a motley group of teenagers titled Walk! was staged at Studio Safdar on May 22 – 23. The show was born out of a four month intensive arts-for-social-change curriculum, in which 12 teenagers, cutting across barriers of caste, class, gender, religion, and nationality, came together to teach each other about the social issues that affect them most deeply as well as the changes they dream of.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Walk! was based on the lives and stories of the cast members; while no one plays their own part, the stories are all true. Facilitated by Tasawwur, a collective of artistes and educators, the show brought together song, choreography, tableaus, and stories to take the audience through the world these young people inhabit and the more inclusive world that they dream of.Tasawwur was started by Delhi based poet and educator, Aditi Rao. Tasawwur brings together a diverse group of teenagers to explore and transform some of the most complex social issues they grapple with. Using creative writing and performing arts to support these young people on their explorations, Tasawwur helps them discover their unique voices and stories, while creating an atmosphere of care and respect for the voices and stories of others, and ultimately using their collective voice to effect positive change in the world.last_img read more

first_img“His power came from some great reservoir of spiritual life else it could not have been so universal and so potent, but the majesty and beauty of the language with which he clothed it were all his own.” — Claude Bragdon. The musical play titled Paighamber staged at India Habitat Centre is inspired by the classic The Prophet, written by Dr Kahlil Gibran. The plays revolves around the character Anannt, portrayed by Harsh Mayar. The entire act was divided into many chapters dealing with love, marriage, children, joy and sorrow, buying and selling, crime and punishment, reason and passion, pain, good and evil, beauty, religion, and death. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Our life is made of five elements — earth, water, fire, air and ether, each having its own character. The play begins with the birth of a human life Anannt, created out of these five elements. In the play, Anannt discusses his life with these elements, portrayed by a group of people.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe play depicts the various moments in his life when he met Paighamber and how Paighmaber guided and enlightened Anannt with his advice which led him grow up as a better human being. Tom Alter playing the role of Paighamber and Amit Behl in roles of Khalil Gibran, the narrator, showcased their characters with finesse. It was later divulged that the grown up-bright-witted Annant is none other than Dr Kahlil Gibran and the Paighamber who guided him at various aspects of life was his own subconscious. On the musical note, the play incorporates the rich folk music of Chhattisgarh and Haryana and the famous Karma dance form of Chhattisgarh. The manifestation of Khalil Gibran’s famous novel was never less than a life where his believes always regarded humanity.last_img read more

first_imgDarjeeling: People’s Liberation Army joined in the revelries as the Indian Army commemorated the 72nd Independence Day at Nathula, the Indo-China border in Sikkim.To mark the occasion, a Special Border Meeting between India and China was held on Wednesday.This is being seen as a reciprocating gesture as the Indian Army had taken part in the celebrations commemorating the foundation day of the People’s Liberation Army on August 1, 2018.”The celebrations took place in an atmosphere of warmth and friendship with an aim of enhancing mutual trust and promoting peace and tranquility in the border areas,” stated a release from the army.Pleasantries were also exchanged in Kongra La in North Sikkim. Indian Army troops deployed in remote and high altitude areas in North Sikkim hoisted the tricolor in different forward posts to mark the occasion.”Such interactions between the two armies have resulted in enhancement of goodwill and mutual understanding between the two nations,” added the release.last_img read more

first_imgIndia has approached the US to help identify Night Vision Devices (NVD) believed to be meant for American and NATO forces recovered from inflitrating terrorists after recent encounters in J&K. Four NVDs as well as a couple of sophisticated binoculars were recovered at four places after the Army had eliminated infiltrating terrorists, official sources said.Information regarding recoveries was shared by the central security agencies with their US counterparts, who have promised help in the probe. The NVDs, recovered from near the Line of Control in North Kashmir after encounters, were dismantled to ascertain the serial numbers on the lens which were forwarded to the US authorities. Also Read – Punjab on alert after release of excess water from Bhakra damA similar NVD was found during the July 27 Gurdaspur terror attack. The NVD with US government marking was used by the terrorists as telescope fitted on an assault rifle to help them identify their targets in dead of the night.Seven persons, including a Superintendent of Police, were killed by the three terrorists before they were neutralised by Punjab Police. Upon an inquiry by India, the US had confirmed the NVD belonged to the US army which it had lost in Afghanistan in 2010.Barring its closest NATO allies, the US does not sell these NVDs to any other country. It is believed that military equipment lost by its soldiers in Afghanistan and Iraq are often sold in the open market, including through e-commerce websites.last_img read more

first_imgSometimes we can’t let go of memories because they are constant reminders of a great time that we never expect to end. Durga Puja is undoubtedly one of those kinds. In my childhood, my father never encouraged us to buy new clothes during Pujo and instead, he insisted us to buy as and when required. It was austerity, the no.1 indulgence that my father used to believe in. But we were very much pampered by my grandmother and it was great fun to go out for Pujo shopping with her. She was in her 70s with a broken leg but full of life and energy and she used to accompany us in our maternal uncle’s minibus for pandal hopping in and around the city. And still, I just can’t seem to forget the way we used to savour the delicacies of Kolkata, mainly streetfood, as it was strictly prohibited at home. Those were the most amazing days for sure. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeI truly believe that for any Bengali the amazement and excitement for Durga Pujo is something eternal. It brings a happy festive atmosphere all over. It is just not an event that brings the city of Kolkata to a halt but is a festival that unites people. During the time of Partition of Bengal in 1905, Rabindranath Tagore rightly portrayed the harmony amongst all religions during Durga Puja and I must say, it’s still pretty much the same.The textile industry of Kolkata plays a significant role in the economy of Bengal. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedI met the proprietor of Saha Textile, Kanti Saha, years back in Barasat where I was looking for a textile store. Our bond strengthened over the years. When the beautiful showroom was inaugurated at Hindustan Park, my joy knew no bound as I was aware of its popularity and of course the much-desired proximity.Saha, a true connoisseur of art and culture with his innovative work and business module, has acquired a different place in Bengal’s textile industry. He has made Barasat as the unique centre for his praiseworthy activities, which I am extremely proud of. Restoration and revival of tradition and culture in the field of textile has always been his aspiration. I have witnessed that Puja shopping at his shop is fun and I really look forward to those times.last_img read more

first_imgHay fever, also known as allergic rhinitis, is caused by an allergic response to outdoor or indoor allergens such as pollen, dust mites and leads to cold-like runny nose, itchy eyes, congestion, sneezing and sinus pressure.According to a report by the World Health Oragnisation (WHO), 10 to 30 per cent of the population worldwide suffers from hay fever.The findings showed that brains of mice when exposed to a model of grass pollen allergy actually produced more neurons than when they were under normal conditions. During an allergic reaction, an increase in the numbers of new neurons in the hippocampus — the part of the brain responsible for forming new memories, and the site where neurons continue to be formed throughout life — was found. This raised the question that what could be the consequences of allergies on memory, the researchers said.In addition, the allergy also reduced the presence of microglia — brain immune cells that perform immune system functions in the central nervous system – activity. The microglia in the brain of mice were found deactivated.“It was highly unexpected to see the deactivation of microglia in the hippocampus. Partly because other studies have shown the reverse effect on microglia following bacterial infection,” said Barbara Klein, University of Salzburg in Austria. “We know that the response of immune system in the body is different in case of an allergic reaction versus a bacterial infection. What this tells us is that the effect on the brain depends on type of immune reaction in the body,” Klein added.The allergic reaction also caused an increase in neurogenesis — the growth and development of nervous tissue, which is known to decline with age, said the paper published in the journal Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience.last_img read more

first_imgWomen face weight-based prejudice at the workplace – even when their body mass index (BMI) is within the healthy range, the study found. “Many organisations in the service sector, such as shops, bars and hotels, seek to employ people with the right ‘look’ which will fit with their corporate image,” said one of the researchers Dennis Nickson, Professor at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland.“This study shows how women, even within a medically-healthy BMI range, still face discrimination in service sector employment,” Nickson noted. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIn the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, participants were asked to rate people for their suitability for jobs in the service sector, based on their appearance.The study asked 120 participants to rate eight pictures of men and women for their suitability for jobs working in a customer-facing role, such as a waiter or sales assistant in a shop, and for a non-customer facing role, such as a kitchen porter or stock assistant. Participants in the study were told that applicants were equally qualified and were shown faces that reflected a ‘normal’ weight and a subtle ‘heavier’ face.“The results found that both women and men face challenges in a highly ‘weight-conscious’ labour market, especially for customer-facing roles. However, women faced far more discrimination,” Nickson added.“We found that women, even within a normal BMI range, suffered greater weight-based bias compared to men who were overtly overweight,” Nickson noted.last_img read more

first_imgDarjeeling: Meetings between UNESCO and Indian Railway representatives will be held on November 20, 21 and 22 to discuss the Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan (CCMP) for the world heritage Darjeeling Himalayan Railways (DHR). The plan has been completed.A UNESCO team comprising experts has been preparing a CCMP for the DHR since 2016. The project involved survey, documentation and dialogue and took into consideration institutional management, finances, legal and technical aspects. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeOver the years, the value of the heritage railway has been steadily decreasing, caused by rampant encroachments, unplanned constructions along the tracks blocking the view and dumping of garbage. “We will be holding a meeting with Railway authorities on November 20, 21 and 22 at the Elysia Building, DHR headquarters, located in Kurseong. The plan has been completed but the implementation part needs to be discussed. We will table the report and discuss with the authorities the steps required to safeguard this world heritage site and to how to sustain it,” stated Abhisekh Sonar, an architectural expert who is part of the UNESCO team, while talking to Millennium Post. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedDHR was inscribed as a world heritage site on December 2, 1999. On Tuesday, it commemorated the World Heritage Week. World Heritage Week is celebrated all over the world from November 19 to 25. It is celebrated mainly by the students of schools and colleges, in order to make people aware about the importance of heritage sites and their preservation. Apart from taking students for a joyride from Darjeeling to Ghoom and back, a community workshop was also organised at the Darjeeling Railway Station. “The workshop includes a UNESCO presentation of 52 slides. This presentation is given in schools, specially in far flung areas. Students are sensitised on different categories of heritage, importance of heritage and the need to preserve heritage,” stated Nitin Giri, specialist, UNESCO. The need for community participation for preservation of the world heritage site was discussed. The history of DHR was part of the presentation as well, including freight trains, postal mail, ambulance train and the trolley. Rabgay Rai, a 3rd year student of Darjeeling Government College who had taken part in the celebrations, stated: “The DHR carries our history. Slowly, the community is becoming aware of the importance of this world heritage site. Students are coming forward now. It is our responsibility to preserve it.” In the year 1879, work first started on DHR, then called the Darjeeling Steam Tramways. The stretch from Siliguri to Kurseong was opened on August 23, 1880, while the Siliguri to Darjeeling track was inaugurated on July 4, 1881. The name of the rail company was then changed to Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Company. The DHR covers a 88 km stretch from Darjeeling to New Jalpaiguri. It starts at 398 feet at New Jalpaiguri in the plains and climbs up to 7,407 feet at the highest point in Ghoom.last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: State Finance and Industry, minister Amit Mitra on Tuesday said that both Tantuja and Manjusha have seen a remarkable turnaround in the last seven years since the Mamata Banerjee government took over in 2011.Tantuja, that had suffered a loss of Rs 12.69 crore in the year 2010-11 has registered an operational profit of Rs 10.26 crore in the 2017-18 fiscal. In reply to a poser by Trinamool Congress MLA Samir Kumar Jana at the state Assembly, Mitra, who is also in charge of the Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and Textiles department stated that Tantuja, in the year 2010-11, has made a business of Rs 55.09 crore and incurred a loss of Rs 12.69 crore. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”In 2011-12, the very first year we assumed office, we made a profit of Rs 69 lakh. In the 2017-18 fiscal, our turnover has gone up to Rs 204. 90 crore with a profit of Rs 10.26 crore,” the minister said. He also added that Tantuja has made a business of Rs 167.70 crore in the last seven months and the operational profit has been Rs 3.39 crore. According to Mitra, the operational profit for Manjusha has been Rs 5.87 crore in the 2017-18 fiscal and it has also registered a turnover of Rs 91.04 crore. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”Manjusha has made a business of Rs 167.70 crore from April to October this year and has made a profit of Rs 7.39 crore,” he said. Elaborating on the reasons behind the turnaround, the minister said Tantuja has gone for massive product diversification in terms of bringing in the latest designs in sarees and has introduced jackets, scarves etc. “The state design centre is coming up with new designs and the weavers are being encouraged to incorporate new and latest designs in sarees,” Mitra added. According to him, the state government has eliminated the role of middlemen in the entire process by introducing the sale of products through e-commerce sites and also doing away with the manual calculation of sale proceeds. “The products are now purchased directly from the Self-Help Groups and the weavers through camps in various parts of the state and payments are made directly to their bank accounts,” Mitra reiterated.last_img read more

first_imgDarjeeling: The Hills were a witness to postering by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (Binay Tamang faction) against BJP state president Dilip Ghosh’s alleged anti-Gorkhaland comments.”The BJP always does a U turn on their pre-poll commitments,” alleged Binay Tamang, President, Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM.) “The Gorkhas feel let down. Every time during election the BJP asks for votes in the name of Gorkhaland and after winning they take a U turn. We strongly condemn this,” stated Tamang, talking to media persons in Pintail Village near Siliguri on Wednesday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe GJM President was referring to BJP West Bengal State President Dilip Ghosh’s statement regarding Gorkhaland. Ghosh talking to media persons in Jalpaiguri on Sunday had clearly stated that his party has made no commitments regarding the creation of Gorkhaland. “We are sympathetic to Gorkhaland demand. We want development of the Gorkhas but we had never promised a separate state,” claimed Ghosh. Tamang said not only the Gorkhaland issue, but the BJP has let down the people of the Hills in other issues too. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”Darjeeling MP Raju Bista had questioned the Tribal Minister in Parliament regarding the granting of tribal status to the 11 sub communities of the Gorkhas in question number 2351,” stated Tamang. Answering this question, Renuka Singh Saruta Minister of State for Tribal Affairs said there are certain modalities for deciding the claims for inclusion or exclusion or changes in the Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribe lists. “As per the modalities only those proposals which have been recommended and justified by the concerned State Government/ UT Administration and concurred with by the Registrar General of India (RGI) and National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) are to be considered and legislation amended. The committee submitted its report which was referred to the ORGI for comments. ORGI have commented that the report of the said Committee is beyond the scope of the Modalities approved by the Government of India with regard to inclusion of any community in the ST list of a state,” stated the minister. Regarding the Central University question (question 3432) raised by Raju Bista in Parliament, Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank,” Minister of Human Resource Development stated: “There is no proposal to set up a new Central University in Darjeeling.”Education is a concurrent subject. State Government also take initiatives to enhance the access to higher education in their respective states along with other private universities/ Institutions,” stated the HRD Minister. “We have been let down by the BJP in all three issues namely Gorkhaland, inclusion of Gorkha sub communities in the ST list and Central University in Darjeeling,” stated Tamang.last_img read more

first_imgUS researchers have found that electronic cigarettes, often targeted at youth and pregnant women, produce a stress response in brain stem cells. Present throughout life, stem cells become specialised cells with more specific functions, such as brain cells, blood cells, or bone. “Although originally introduced as safer, ECs, such as Vuse and JUUL, are not harmless,” said researchers. “Even short-term exposure can stress cells in a manner that may lead, with chronic use, to cell death or disease. Our observations are likely to pertain to any product containing nicotine.” Also Read – Add new books to your shelfUsing cultured mouse neural stem cells, the researchers identified the mechanism underlying EC-induced stem cell toxicity as “stress-induced mitochondrial hyperfusion,” or SIMH. “SIMH is a protective, survival response,” researchers added. “Our data show that exposure of stem cells to e-liquids, aerosols, or nicotine produces a response that leads to SIMH,” researchers said. Electronic cigarettes, or ECs, are nicotine-delivery devices that aerosolize nicotine and flavour chemicals through heating. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe high levels of nicotine in ECs lead to a nicotine flooding of special receptors in the neural stem cell membrane,” they said. “Nicotine binds to these receptors, causing them to open up. Calcium and other ions begin to enter the cell. Eventually, a calcium overload follows,” they said. Researchers explained that too much calcium in the mitochondria is harmful. The mitochondria then swell, changing their morphology and function. They can even rupture and leak molecules that lead to cell death, according to the study published in the journal iScience. “If the nicotine stress persists, SIMH collapses, the neural stem cells get damaged and could eventually die,” they said. “If that happens, no more specialised cells – astrocytes and neurons, for example – can be produced from stem cells.” Damaged stem cell mitochondria could accelerate aging and lead to neurodegenerative diseases, they noted.last_img read more

first_imgWith its spiraling horns, bizarre spectacles, and large nose, the Horned Helmet of King Henry VIII features a beautifully crafted face. It is finely detailed with crow’s feet etched around the eyes, realistically engraved stubble and eyebrows, a sniveling drip of snot hanging from the nose, and a dreadful set of tombstone teeth.The helmet can be seen on display at the Royal Armouries museum in Leeds, England.Portrait of Henry VIII, c. 1536. Oil and tempera on oak, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid.As museum spokesperson Beckie Senior told the Two Nerdy History Girls blog, “It is not a flattering image, and is believed to depict the fool, a popular figure in court pageants.”Due to its strangeness, it was thought for a long time that the Horned Helmet belonged to Henry’s favorite court jester, Will Sommers — who was said to have been the only man that could make the old bloated king smile in his later years.However, it later came to light that the armor was, indeed, owned by the King.King Henry VIII received this horned helmet as a gift from the Holy Roman Emperor Maximillan I.There is very limited data about the helmet. The pair of ram’s horns, beautifully modeled in sheet iron, are particularly perplexing “as this was the sign for a cuckold,” or possibly the Devil.They leave historians scratching their heads as to why Henry VIII would not only accept such a piece as a gift but also be seen parading in it. “Basically it is a bit of enigma with scholarly debate still raging!” concluded Senior.Royal Armouries, Leeds – October 2015. Horned Helmet of Henry VIII. Photo by Dark Dwarf CC BY SA 2.0As for the Steampunk-style glasses, these may have been added at the behest of Henry himself after the armor came into his possession.It is known from his collection of spectacles that the king was near-sighted — perhaps he found adding a set to his helm an amusing self-parody.It was never used in battle. Photo by Dark Dwarf CC BY SA 2.0Originally, the helmet was created by silver-gilt panels overlaid with a rich, velvet cloth. It is the only surviving part of an entire suit of armor created by Konrad Seusenhofer, one of the most outstanding arms manufacturers in Medieval Europe.The Horned Helmet topped off an ensemble that was gifted to Henry VIII in 1514 by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.The rest was most likely destroyed and sold as scrap during the English Civil War.The 500-year-old helmet is one of the most intriguing objects in the Royal Armoury. Photo by Dark Dwarf CC BY SA 2.0The Horned Helmet is technically called an armet because it protects the skull and face. This type of helmet was developed during the 15th century and was extensively used in England, France, Italy, Spain, and the Low Countries. Their use was essentially restricted to the fully armored man-at-arms.Henry’s armet was among the very first examples to completely enclose the head while still being compact and light enough to allow dynamic motion.Curator of Historic Arms at the Royal Armouries, Karen Watts, explains in a short YouTube film that the wearer can “breathe through the nostrils, see through the eyes, and speak through the mouth,” unique features that mark this as a headpiece fit for a king.Henry’s elaborate armor was made for use in pageants rather than for combat, which is a shame because even though it may have looked absurd in battle, that ugly face on the helmet would have unnerved any enemy soldier.Henry VIII might have worn it at sumptuous events such as the parades that accompanied tournaments.Read another story from us: Tudor Love Nest of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn up for SaleThe full armor from which the Horned Helmet originates was one of three of similar design made by Seusenhofer, but only the armor given to Maximilian’s grandson, the future Emperor Charles V, survives intact in Vienna.last_img read more

first_imgThey were two of the biggest stars in Hollywood history. But Robert Redford and Natalie Wood had an interesting history beyond the big screen. The two first met as teenagers, at Van Nuys High School in California — and let’s just say, their initial encounter was not a friendly one. Redford, hot-shot athlete, graduating senior, and, yes, senior class golden boy, was on duty as a school assembly guard, standing guard at one of the entrances to the auditorium, when Wood, late for registration, raced up to him, pleading to be let in. Redford said nothing doing.Natalie Wood is held by Robert Redford in a scene from the film ‘Inside Daisy Clover’, 1965. Photo by Warner Brothers/Getty ImagesAs he recounted to Suzanne Finstad in her biography of the actress, Natasha: The Biography of Natalie Wood: “There were about four or five doors going all the way around the oval-shaped auditorium, and each door had an alphabetical sequence over it — A through F, G through L. … We were all ready to shut the doors and this little girl comes running down — tiny little thing — and wants to come in the door.Natalie Wood with her sister Lana Wood in 1956And I was just being a complete jerk. I said, ‘Hold on. What’s your name?’ I didn’t have a clue who she was. … I said, ‘Hold it,’ and then it becomes sort of this machismo bull****: ‘Where are you going?’— giving her a hard time.”Wood, of course, starts with a W, and Redford wouldn’t budge, sending her to the other side of the auditorium. Meanwhile, another student, standing with Redford, recognized the movie star and was silently freaking. Wood, more than a little miffed, called Redford an SOB and walked away.Natalie Wood in Penelope (1966)The two wouldn’t cross paths again for ten years, when Wood and her Splendor in the Grass co-star (and then-boyfriend) Warren Beatty stopped backstage to meet Redford, after catching his performance in the Broadway play Sunday in New York. (And no, Wood claimed she didn’t remember the high school rebuff.)Robert Redford in the film ‘The Great Waldo Pepper’ (1975)Redford, who was making a name for himself as a young actor on the rise, had been on Wood’s radar for some time, and she convinced studio honchos to cast him in the role that launched his movie career, playing a closeted movie star in 1964’s Inside Daisy Clover.Publicity photo of Natalie Wood for the film ‘Inside Daisy Clover’ (1965)The two hit it off during filming and would remain good friends for years. “I think that Natalie, underneath everything, was a very sweet, genuinely down-to-earth person who was slightly colored by the warped life of being a star at such an early age,” Redford would say, years later. “But she herself, as a human being, shone through that. She was a real person. And I responded to that.”Related Video: 60s And 70s Celebs doing Vintage TV CommercialsAmerican actors Natalie Wood and Robert Redford on the set of ‘Inside Daisy Clover’ based on the novel by Gavin Lambert and directed by Robert Mulligan. Photo by Sunset Boulevard/Corbis via Getty ImagesThe two would team up once again in 1966’s This Property Is Condemned. Wood also appeared in the 1972 political drama, The Candidate, when her old friend asked her to do a cameo. Wood and Redford lost touch shortly after that. Their last encounter was in 1980 when Redford was trying to cast his directorial debut, the gut-wrenching drama Ordinary People, about a family torn apart by a young son’s passing.Robert Redford at an event at the US Embassy in London.Wood, whose career had cooled by this time, coveted the role of the cold, distant mother (which eventually would go to Mary Tyler Moore), but Redford didn’t think she was right for the role.Read another story from us: The One Thing More Powerful than Chuck Norris is this Article about Chuck NorrisJust a year later, on November 29, 1981, Wood would drown off the coast of Catalina. Redford was heartbroken. Not only did he like Wood immensely — he was grateful to the actress for giving him his big break and launching a career that’s lasted till this very day.last_img read more

first_img Advertisement When you’re an opposing fan going into the lion’s den of Yankee Stadium, you should probably bring a poncho.Last night, an A’s fan, sitting among die-hard Yankee fans in the outfield stands was given a beer shower he didn’t ask for by one moron who was celebrating during the convincing New York win. The Yankee fan followed up the soaking by throwing a cup at the guy’s head to cement himself as a total chump.Don’t be this guy. What a jerk. Not to mention he just wasted $20 worth of beer which further confirms he’s a moron.#PinstripePride ‼️‼️ pic.twitter.com/iL9pVttUH3— ⭕️ (@OlvinnO) October 4, 2018last_img read more

first_imgWarriors should sit Klay for Game 3Klay Thompson is a game-time decision for Game 3 of the Finals against Toronto tonight after going down with a hamstring injury in Game 2, and Colin thinks Steve Kerr would be smart to sit him.Without him, the Warriors still have a chance to win behind Steph Curry and and the few remaining uninjured Warriors in front of the home crowd at Oracle, and the risk of him playing and further injuring the hammy that could potentially keep him out for the rest of the series isn’t worth it. Even with a loss tonight, the Warriors would be better off heading into Game 4 in a 1-2 hole with Klay and KD returning. Also:-NY could be a disaster for KD-Baker’s Duke Johnson comments miss the big picture-Colin’s Top 10 Athletes Under 22-Best NFL best QB/WR combosGuests:Nick Wright, JaVale McGee, Mark Medina, and Chris Broussardlast_img read more