Nearly 9 in 10 babies born in Sri Lanka are breastfed within the first hour, UNICEF and WHO said in a new report.An estimated 78 million babies – or three in five – are not breastfed within the first hour of life, putting them at higher risk of death and disease and making them less likely to continue breastfeeding, the new report said. Most of these babies are born in low- and middle-income countries. The report notes that newborns who breastfeed in the first hour of life are significantly more likely to survive. “Breastfeeding gives children the best possible start in life,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “We must urgently scale up support to mothers – be it from family members, health care workers, employers and governments, so they can give their children the start they deserve.”Capture the Moment, which analyzes data from 76 countries, finds that despite the importance of early initiation of breastfeeding, too many newborns are left waiting too long for different reasons, including:Feeding newborns food or drinks, including formula: Common practices, such as discarding colostrum, an elder feeding the baby honey or health professionals giving the newborn a specific liquid, such as sugar water or infant formula, delay a newborn’s first critical contact with his or her mother. Even a delay of a few hours after birth could pose life-threatening consequences. Skin-to-skin contact along with suckling at the breast stimulate the mother’s production of breastmilk, including colostrum, also called the baby’s ‘first vaccine’, which is extremely rich in nutrients and antibodies. The rise in elective C-sections: In Egypt, caesarean section rates more than doubled between 2005 and 2014, increasing from 20% to 52%. During the same period, rates of early initiation of breastfeeding decreased from 40% to 27%. Across 58 countries between 2005 and 2017, deliveries at health institutions grew by 18 percentage points, while early initiation rates increased by 6 percentage points.In many cases, babies are separated from their mothers immediately after birth and guidance from health workers is limited. In Serbia, the rates increased by 43 percentage points from 2010 to 2014 due to efforts to improve the care mothers received at birth.Earlier studies, cited in the report, show that newborns who began breastfeeding between two and 23 hours after birth had a 33% greater risk of dying compared with those who began breastfeeding within one hour of birth. Among newborns who started breastfeeding a day or more after birth, the risk was more than twice as high.The report urges Governments, donors and other decision-makers to adopt strong legal measures to restrict the marketing of infant formula and other breastmilk substitutes.The WHO and UNICEF-led Global Breastfeeding Collective also released the 2018 Global Breastfeeding Scorecard, which tracks progress for breastfeeding policies and programmes. In it, they encourage countries to advance policies and programmes that help all mothers to start breastfeeding in the first hour of their child’s life and to continue as long as they want. A study across 51 countries notes that early initiation rates are significantly lower among newborns delivered by caesarean section.In Egypt, only 19% of babies born by C-section were breastfed in the first hour after birth, compared to 39% of babies born by natural delivery.Gaps in the quality of care provided to mothers and newborns: The presence of a skilled birth attendant does not seem to affect rates of early breastfeeding, according to the report. “When it comes to the start of breastfeeding, timing is everything. In many countries, it can even be a matter of life or death,” says Henrietta H. Fore, UNICEF Executive Director. “Yet each year, millions of newborns miss out on the benefits of early breastfeeding and the reasons – all too often – are things we can change. Mothers simply don’t receive enough support to breastfeed within those crucial minutes after birth, even from medical personnel at health facilities.”Breastfeeding rates within the first hour after birth are highest in Eastern and Southern Africa (65%) and lowest in East Asia and the Pacific (32%), the report says. Nearly 9 in 10 babies born in Burundi, Sri Lanka and Vanuatu are breastfed within the first hour. By contrast, only two in 10 babies born in Azerbaijan, Chad and Montenegro do so. read more

first_imgFLSmidth’s global product division, Mine Shaft Systems (MSS), formed in mid-2012 to align and focus efforts in this form for material handling, has now been awarded the supply of the core element in the transport of materials and resources in an underground mine in Zambia. The MSS unit of the Material Handling division has been awarded a contract for four Blair Multi Rope (BMR) hoists from Glencore’s Mopani Copper Mines in Zambia, one of the biggest miners and exporters of copper and cobalt in the world.There are only about 50 Blair Multi Rope hoists installed around the world. The order consists of two single drum BMR’s (single 8 MW motor and drive) and two double drums BMR’s (twin 8 MW and drives). The electrical scope is supplied directly to the client by Actom in conjunction with GE. The drum diameter is 5.7 m by 1.8 m wide, all six drums are identical and the hoists will be delivered in late 2015.The achievement, FLSmidth says in “gaining this contract is the result of strong global efforts across the MSS unit and dedication of the individuals involved in the global FLSmidth organisation.”The Lusaka Times reported last October that Mopani was “on course to commission its $323 million deep mine copper project by the second quarter of 2015.“It said in a statement that the deep shaft has reached a depth of 1,000 m and there is only another 277 m to go to reach the final depth.The shaft will enable the mining firm to access to some 115 Mt of ore. Mopani said its Synclinorium Shaft is designed to extend the lifespan of its Nkana copper mine in Kitwe by 25 to 30 years and safeguard up to 3,000 jobs.”last_img read more