first_imgA model of the dynamics and thermodynamics of a plume of meltwater at the base of an ice shelf is presented. Such ice shelf water plumes may become supercooled and deposit marine ice if they rise (because of the pressure decrease in the in situ freezing temperature), so the model incorporates both melting and freezing at the ice shelf base and a multiple-size-class model of frazil ice dynamics and deposition. The plume is considered in two horizontal dimensions, so the influence of Coriolis forces is incorporated for the first time. It is found that rotation is extremely influential, with simulated plumes flowing in near-geostrophy because of the low friction at a smooth ice shelf base. As a result, an ice shelf water plume will only rise and become supercooled (and thus deposit marine ice) if it is constrained to flow upslope by topography. This result agrees with the observed distribution of marine ice under Filchner–Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. In addition, it is found that the model only produces reasonable marine ice formation rates when an accurate ice shelf draft is used, implying that the characteristics of real ice shelf water plumes can only be captured using models with both rotation and a realistic topography.last_img read more

first_imgThe following year, the then President of Trinity College, Sir Ivor Roberts, released a statement of apology after a backlash from students. However, in 2011 a Judge described more than one of his arguments as “couched in extravagant rhetoric” and a “travesty of the reality”. Nazir-Ali had also previously commented on a complaint made by a master’s student at Oxford University in 2017, which was reported on Christian Concern’s website. Diamond and Williams are both part of the Christian Legal Centre, an organisation established in 2007 to provide legal representation to Christians who believe they have been discriminated against on the basis of their faith. In 2011, Solomon spoke at one of these TFC rallies with Dutch politician Geert Wilders, a man Theresa May, the then Home Secretary, believed would “pose a genuine, present and significantly serious threat to one of the fundamental interests of society…[his] statements about Muslims and their beliefs…would threaten community harmony and therefore public safety.” Last year, Jesus College JCR accused the college of “subsequently covering up” their hosting of the Academy. Jesus College denied any “intentional” cover up. The students also alleged that members of Christian Concern had made homophobic remarks about one homosexual student, comparing his sexuality to that of a paedophile and labelling him “immoral”. The Centre told the Observer in 2011 that they were “receiving up to five calls a day” from Christians seeking legal aid, with Diamond in particular representing clients in many cases. In a response to Williams’ comments, Martin Warner, the Bishop of Chichester – where Williams is one of the elected representatives to the General Synod – said: “The comments by Andrea Minichiello Williams about the decriminalisation of same sex intercourse in Jamaica have no sanction in the Church of England or the diocese of Chichester. Insofar as such comments incite homophobia, they should be rejected as offensive and unacceptable.” In 2012, students at Exeter College petitioned the Rector, Bursar and Chaplain to donate any profits made through hosting the Academy. Roberts said: “Trinity regrets that any current or old members were upset by the fact that we gave houseroom unwittingly to Christian Concern. Any profits from the conference will be given to an appropriate charity.” In his response to Cherwell, Mr Diamond said: “Fake News [sic]. I rarely respond to persons lacking integrity, but you should be able to gain employment with CNN. As a former Labour Councillor, I remain concerned at the reports of widespread anti-Semitism associated with the Oxford University Labour Party.” The Wilberforce Academy, a residential course affiliated with the evangelical Christian group Christian Concern, is set to return to Oxford this September. Williams is also reported to have encouraged Jamaica to resist the “man-boy movement” in Europe, saying: “Might it be that Jamaica says to the United States of America, says to Europe, ‘Enough! You cannot come in and attack our families. We will not accept aid or promotion tied to an agenda that is against God and destroys our families.” In 2013, Williams attended a conference in the Caribbean, following the country’s repealing of its ‘buggery laws’. According to Buzzfeed, in her speech Williams said: “It is not compassionate and kind to have laws that lead people [to engage] in their sins [that] lead to the obliteration of life, the obliteration of culture, and the obliteration of family.” center_img The Academy applied to Lady Margaret Hall for their 2019 course, however after JCR opposition, concerns for student welfare and a reconsideration on the part of the SCR, the application was rejected. Also in 2011, Diamond spoke at another TFC rally alongside John Guandolo – a disgraced former FBI agent (who believes the US to be at war with Islam and excused the June 2017 Finsbury Park Mosque attack on the grounds that, with a ‘Jihadi mayor’ in London, it was akin to an act of self-defence) and two activists, Robert Spencer and Pamela Geller, both banned from entering the UK for their anti-Islamic campaigning. The student, Shahriar Ashrafkhorasani, claimed that the lecturer had forbidden him from asking critical questions about Islam. Nazir-Ali said at the time that a “politically correct” atmosphere was “very widespread in the university as a whole”. The statement went on to say: “It is disappointing that the college and its students would appear to feel so threatened by an event promoting the same Christian values as Oxford University has so clearly been shaped by.” Rt Revd Michael Nazir-Ali, Honorary Fellow at St Edmund’s Hall, is listed among the ‘Faculty’ who will be teaching participants on the course. Nazir-Ali is listed as a Director at the Oxford Centre for Training, Research, Advocacy and Dialogue, a centre which aims to “prepare Christians for ministry in situations where the Church is under pressure and in danger of persecution.” Diamond also spoke at at “Nashville-area megachurch”, where he expressed the hope that Christians in the US and the UK should stand “shoulder to shoulder” to battle dual enemies of Islam and anti-Christian sentiment, warning that “What’s happening in Europe could be coming to your state.” Christian Concern describe themselves as “passionate to see the United Kingdom return to the Christian faith” and express their concern that “in the last few decades, the nation has largely turned her back on Jesus and embraced alternative ideas such as secular liberal humanism, moral relativism and sexual licence. The fruit of this can be seen in widespread family breakdown, immorality and social disintegration.” In a press statement released on their website, Christian Concern referred to Lady Margaret Hall as being “afraid of its own community” and “unable to maintain peaceful protest, bringing into question their own college values of ‘fairness, openness and equality’”. Also on the faculty are Paul Diamond, Andrea Williams and Sam Solomon, all of whom have participated in rallies in association with the Tennessee Freedom Coalition (TFC) in America, which itself has strong links with the English Defence League (EDL), headed by Tommy Robinson. On their website, the TFC have expressed their support for Robinson, describing him as a “brave man” and defending his “right to bring truth to light regarding the spread of radical Islam both in the United Kingdom and around the world.” It is not yet known if a college will host the academy, however in the past Trinity, Exeter, Jesus, and most recently Lady Margaret Hall, have received criticism for considering hosting the group. Teddy Hall, Nazir-Ali, Andrea Williams and Sam Soloman have been contacted for comment.last_img read more

first_img“The Indiana Rangers valiantly fought in the Vietnam War with grit and honor protecting our state and country, and we honor their sacrifice on the 50th anniversary of their return,” said Senator Mike Braun.  FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare “Fifty years ago, our brave Indiana Rangers returned home from Vietnam,” said Senator Todd Young. “I’m proud to join the Indiana delegation in honoring these Hoosier heroes who served our nation, as well as those who made the ultimate sacrifice and did not return.”“The Indiana Rangers are the only National Guard Infantry unit to serve in Vietnam as a unit and are the most decorated company during a one-year period; they fought with exceptional courage to defend our freedom,” said Congressman Jim Baird. “On behalf of all Hoosiers, I am proud and honored to see Congress recognize their bravery and valor against a hostile enemy.”“It is an honor to recognize the 50th anniversary of the return of the Indiana Rangers. The Indiana Rangers fought with bravery and honor in the Vietnam War to protect our great nation, and we must continue to recognize their service and sacrifices,” said Dr. Larry Bucshon.“I want to thank Sen. Braun and Rep. Baird for taking the initiative to introduce this important legislation in the 116th Congress.  I am proud to stand with my fellow Indiana colleagues in supporting this legislation and honoring our brave and selfless Indiana Rangers,” said Representative Pete Visclosky.“50 years ago today, some of Indiana’s finest sons, the Indiana Rangers, returned home from Vietnam. Their valor, grit, and patriotism have come to define what it means to be a Hoosier.  May we all strive to live up to their example,” said Representative Jim Banks.“Our nation’s Vietnam War veterans did not receive the thanks and recognition they deserved,” said Representative Susan Brooks. “Today, I’m proud to honor our brave Indiana Rangers on the 50th anniversary of their return home from the Vietnam War for their courageous service to our great state and country.”“As we mark the 50th Anniversary of their return home from Vietnam, I’m honored to recognize the valiant service and sacrifice of the Indiana Rangers,” said Representative Greg Pence. “I’m proud to stand with the entire Indiana delegation to highlight the courage and bravery of our fellow Hoosiers.”“Hoosiers are grateful to our brave service members, past and present, who answered our nation’s call to serve,” Congresswoman Jackie Walorski said. “As we mark 50 years since the Indiana Rangers returned home from Vietnam, we honor the sacrifice of these courageous Hoosiers and all who have put their lives on the line to defend our freedom.”“The Indiana Rangers’ bravery and courage are testaments to what all Americans have come to expect from Hoosiers: a dedication to country, a commitment to public service, and a willingness to sacrifice for our nation’s strength and prosperity. I’m pleased to introduce this resolution honoring them alongside my Indiana delegation colleagues in the Senate and the House,” said Representative André Carson. center_img Senator Mike Braun, Senator Todd Young, Representative Pete Visclosky (IN01), Representative Jackie Walorski (IN-02), Representative Jim Banks (IN-03), Representative Jim Baird (IN-04), Representative Susan Brooks (IN-05), Representative Greg Pence (IN-06), Representative André Carson (IN-07), Representative Larry Bucshon (IN-08), and Representative Trey Hollingsworth (IN-09) introduced legislation honoring the 50th Anniversary of the return of the Indiana Rangers.last_img read more

first_imgIS IT TRUE we find it extremely interesting that Council Finance Chairman Dan McGinn publicly  stated  that the city employees Medical Clinic located at the Civic Center is free?  …the real truth is that taxpayers of this community are paying many hundred of thousands of dollars each year to make available medical services  free of charge to city employees?  … if council closed the Civic Center Medical Clinic they could take the many hundred of thousand of dollars and put the money towards the City employees Health Care plan in turn would help make the premium lower?IS IT TRUE  two Superior Court Judges are running for re-election in Vanderburgh County unopposed?  …the Honorable Judge Robert Pigman is running in Division #3 and the Honorable Judge Richard G. D’Amour is running in Division #7?  …were glad they are unopposed because that have done an outstanding job and we hope that they will receive a big complimentary vote for a job well done?IS IT TRUE it looks like U S Senate candidate Evan Bayh vote for OBAMACARE may be taking a  toll on his campaign?  …the issue of his legal residence is also causing him political problems?  …Todd Young has Bayh on the run?   … this race could be determine during the last days of the campaign?IS IT TRUE  the race for County Coroner is becoming very interesting because of the aggressive and in your face behavior of Brian Claspell towards Assistant County Coroner Steve Lockyear?  …Mr. Lockyear is respected by people from both sides of the political isle?  …Its obvious that Mr. Claspell has a political tiger by the tail?IS IT TRUE the deadline for filing for Vanderburgh County School Board is upon us?  …Karen Ragland, Terry Gamblin and Jeffrey Worthington are they only individuals filing so far?  …Its  hard to imagine  that the above School Board members are running unopposed since we have several elementary schools  with failing grades?IS IT TRUE the race for State Representative District #78 between Holly Sullivan (R) and Phillip Bennett (D) is  Mrs. Sullivan to lose?  …Holly is well respected on the State level and enjoy a strong popularity among the voters in her District?IS IT TRUE the word at the Civic Center is that Shannon Edwards is given Debbie Stuck the political fight of her career?  … many people are saying that a major upset in the County Recorder race is looming?IS IT TRUE the race for Clerk Of The Circuit Court is hard to gage?  …Carla Haydan (R) and Zachary Heronemus (D) are well known and liked by the employees at the Civic Center?  …both candidates are experienced in government and either one would do a credible job if elected County Clerk?  …the supporters of Connie Carrier are the political wild card in this race?  …its possible that Connie Carrier supporters could determine who is elected the next Vanderburgh County Clerk?IS IT TRUE we are hearing the race between Johnny Kincaid (R) and Ryan Hatfield (D) for State Representative is to close to call?  …both candidates are laid back but personable?… Mr. Kincaid has put a lot of time and energy in the 2nd and 4th wards?IS IT TRUE the race between Sean Selby (R) and Ben Shoulders (D) for District #1 County Commissioner is  becoming interesting to watch?  …both gentleman are very intelligent and likable?  …we are hearing that this race could be determined by the rural voters?IS IT TRUE the race between Steve Melcher (D) and Cheryl Musgrave (R) for District #3 County Commissioner is gearing up to become a real political barn burner?  …this race is to close to call?IS IT TRUE that many non-governmental people met with Hillary Clinton while she was Secretary of State who gave money  to the Clinton Foundation?   …the media is reporting that around 90 donors contributed as much as $160 million, 40 plus people donated more than $100,000 each and about 20 other people gave more than $1 million  to the Clinton Foundation?FOOTNOTES: “IS IT TRUE” will be posted on this coming Monday?Todays READERS POLL question is: If the election was held today for Governor of Indiana who would you vote for?Please take time and read our newest feature articles entitled “AUGUST BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS” posted in our sections.If you would like to advertise in the CCO please contact us City-County [email protected] County Observer has been serving our community for 15 years.Copyright 2015 City County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistribute.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

first_imgTo ensure we stay ahead of the game, we are always on the lookout for talented, dedicated, creative and innovative individuals to contribute to our team. If you think this sounds like you, we would love to hear from you. Cyber and Information Systems Division is the digital hub of the lab with cutting edge facilities. You could be supporting our world-class cyber capability and countering attacks in cyber-space.This is not a stereotypical ‘computer hacker’ role – it takes an incredible variety of people to achieve our goals. Here you’ll use your computer skills to advance the tools, techniques and tradecrafts required to ensure the UK is able to establish a world-class cyber capability, including the ability to counter-attack in cyberspace.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572368Data Analyst ApprenticeshipOur Defence and Security Analysis Division supports the Ministry of Defence and other government departments to ensure intelligent decision making is at the heart of the UK Defence and Security. We develop innovative analytical tools and techniques to take advantage of new advances in science and technology, and provide experienced human and social science advice to maximise the performance of whole systems across the Ministry of Defence and government.We have a number of project areas in which could work spanning the breadth of UK’s Defence and Security including: the Air and Maritime environments; Modelling and Simulation, Wargaming and statistics; Policy analysis and support; and Human and Social Sciences.This is an excellent apprenticeship opportunity in Dstl, a Ministry of Defence Agency, for a Data Analyst within the Defence and Security Analysis Division with excellent future career prospects in Data Science, Analysis and the Defence Enterprise.You will be joining our team of highly skilled and dedicated employees based primarily at our Portsdown West site in Fareham.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572423Associate Project Management ApprenticeshipDo you want a role where you can show off your organisational skills?We have an exciting opportunity to join Dstl as an Associate Project Manager Apprentice. You will get to work with our Project Managers in delivering exciting projects giving science and technology support to Defence customers.Opportunities are available in either our Platform Systems or Defence and Security Analysis Division, where you can support the management of some exciting projects.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572394 Commercial ApprenticeshipCan you communicate effectively, work as part of a team, think on your feet, have the drive to deliver and get things done and able to take personal responsibility for your work and continuous development?There are apprenticeship vacancies in our Commercial function, based at either of our Portsdown West, Fareham or Porton Down, Salisbury sites.You will work alongside our Procurement professionals and have a unique opportunity to work at the forefront of Defence research procuring a variety of requirements from materials for our laboratories to delivering research requirements through a range of procurement routes including framework contracts.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572386Laboratory Technician ApprenticeshipDo you have a passion for science; are you enthusiastic, motivated and willing to learn?We have an exciting opportunity to join Dstl as a laboratory technician apprentice within our Chemical Biological and Radiological Division (CBR), at Porton Down, Salisbury. Our CBR division is the UK’s centre of excellence for chemical, biological, radiological and medical science and technology within government.Dstl Lab Technician Apprentice talks about her roleWe provide an integrated capability, delivering longer term research as well as short term advice and consultancy. You will get to work on exciting projects and work alongside internationally renowned scientists. We need people who can use their skills to innovate and develop technologies which give our country the winning edge.As an apprentice at Dstl you will learn the technical elements of running a lab, maintaining stock and working on project work that truly makes a difference.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572420 At the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), we work to harness science and technology (S&T) to protect our nation – bringing together the best ideas in sometimes unexpected ways.Because we provide the UK government with specialist S&T research, advice and analysis, our work is often sensitive or international in nature. Much is operationally critical and has the potential to save many lives. All of it is fascinating.Crucially, we work with other brilliant people – collaborating with everyone from small companies and world-class universities to large defence companies and other nations. Together, we develop battle-winning technologies, based on deep and widespread research, to support UK military operations now and into the future.We are on the lookout for apprentices to join us at Dstl. Alongside your training you will earn money and get the chance to work on mind-blowing projects in a truly unique environment. It’s an inspiring setting where you can develop wide-ranging skills and gain experience, while learning from some of the brightest minds in the UK.All of our current vacancies are published on the Civil Service Jobs site.Electrical Engineering ApprenticeshipDstl employs some of the world’s brightest people. We are always on the lookout for talented, dedicated, creative and innovative individuals to join us.As an electrical engineer apprentice you will be on a 3 year structured training programme with the chance to experience work across Dstl on different work placements. You will be part of a team of highly skilled and dedicated employees based at our Porton Down site in Salisbury.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572362Embedded Electronics System and Design Engineer ApprenticeshipDo you want to really make a difference? Be part of an internationally recognised team? Use your practical and theoretical electronics experience?Join our Platform Systems Division as a degree apprentice. The division supports the Ministry of Defence and other government departments in a broad range of groundbreaking technical research areas. We respond to current and future demands ensuring that the UK retains a battle-winning advantage.We strengthen and protect our armed forces through groundbreaking technical research. It means safeguarding armoured vehicles, warships and aircraft against the harshest combat environments and providing the most advanced weapon capabilities. Crucially, we ensure that all of this technology and equipment across the military operates together seamlessly.Apply now on the Civil Service Jobs site – reference 1572410Cyber and Information Systems Degree ApprenticeshipDo you have a passion for technology? At Dstl we’re looking for people that live and breathe technology. Maybe you have a flare for:center_img Creativity Systems thinking Innovation Digital embracementlast_img read more

first_imgJoint statement by the governments of France, Italy, the UK and the USA: The governments of France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States strongly condemn the continued escalation of violence in and around Tripoli that has caused many casualties and continues to endanger the lives of innocent civilians. We reiterate that the targeting of civilians and indiscriminate attacks are prohibited under International Humanitarian Law. These attempts to weaken the legitimate Libyan authorities and hamper the course of the political process are not acceptable. We urge armed groups to immediately cease all military actions and warn those who tamper with security in Tripoli or elsewhere in Libya that they will be held accountable for any such actions. We reaffirm our strong and continued support to the United Nations action plan as recalled by the President of Security Council on June 6th and by the SRSG Ghassan Salamé on July 16th. We call on all actors to refrain from any action that would jeopardize the political framework established by the UN-led mediation to which the international community is fully committed. For journalists Further information Follow the Foreign Office on Instagram, YouTube and LinkedIncenter_img Follow the Foreign Office on Twitter @foreignoffice and Facebook Email [email protected] Media enquirieslast_img read more

first_imgSara Autton, a technical specialist with ingredients company Fermex, has been installed as the new chairman of the British Society of Baking (BSB).Autton took up her new role at the BSB’s AGM, which was held in Warwickshire earlier this week. She replaces Bakels’ Keith Houliston who has spent two-and-a-half years in the position.Mike Bagshaw, founder and director of ITS, the bakery taste and texture specialist, has been named as the vice-chair.Autton thanked Houliston for his support during her tenure as vice-chair and said she wanted to continue the work he had started to create closer links between the BSB and students. She added she wanted the BSB to become a “conduit” for students finding jobs in bakery.The organisation also appointed member Sarah Priestly as its new student liaison officer.last_img read more

first_imgAfter announcing that they would now play a nice “party jam,” David Bowie’s “Let’s Dance” (previously played on Sunday for the first time since 12/31/11) got bodies bouncing as the band K.O.-ed the classic tune. GodWeenSatan outtake “Seconds” saw the light of day for only the 17th time in the band’s career (and the first since ’02), as Dean took visible enjoyment in his ferocious talk-box solo. “It’s Gonna Be a Long Night,” allowed bassist Dave Dreiwitz to take over lead vocals in top-notch punk-rock form, before the band closed their Tuesday set with “Someday”–because, after all, Tuesday is pizza day.After a brief pause, the band returned to the stage sans Gene for a run through instrumental “Fiesta,” before the eccentric vocalist returned for “The Mollusk,” transforming the room into an underwater dream world before everyone went on their separate ways.The Boognish is back in Brooklyn tonight, 6/7, and after a show featuring countless favorites, bust-outs, and even the live debut of a decades-old song, two-day ticket holders are left wondering what night two has in store. But if last night was any indication, Brooklyn night two promises to be profoundly brown.Thanks to taper Moricle, you can listen to the full show below:View photos from the performance below courtesy of photographer Bahram Foroughi.SETLIST: Ween | Brooklyn Steel | Brooklyn, NY | 6/6/17 The Stallion pt 1, You Fucked Up, Transdermal Celebration, I Gots a Weasel, The Golden Eel, The Argus, Push th’ Little Daisies, Big Jilm, Roses Are Free, Did You See Me?, Exactly Where I’m At, Mutilated Lips, The HIV Song, Spinal Meningitis (Got Me Down), Among His Tribe, Piss Up a Rope, Pork Roll Egg and Cheese, Doctor Rock, Object, Buckingham Green, Happy Colored Marbles, Mister Richard Smoker, Let’s Dance, Seconds, The Goin’ Gets Tough From the Getgo, It’s Gonna Be a Long Night, SomedayEncore: Fiesta, The MolluskWeen | Brooklyn Steel | Brooklyn, NY | 6/6/17 | Photos by Barahm Foroughi On a damp Tuesday night in New York, Ween played to a capacity crowd at the freshly opened Brooklyn Steel. Added security measures caused 1,800-strong crowd to wrap around the factory-esque venue before the performance, creating a stronger-than-usual sense of pre-show anxiety for the band’s dedicated fans. But once the lines diminished and the show began, that atmosphere quickly dissipated and the audience was reminded why they were there in the first place: the beautiful clusterfuck of musical influences laced with the tongue-in-cheek lyrics and commentary that Ween addicts began worshiping over 30 years ago.Aaron Freeman, better known as Gene Ween, walked onstage sporting a megaphone as the band launched into “The Stallion, Part 1” 1991’s The Pod. Parental discretion was advised early on as “You Fucked Up” took the second spot of the show and got the rabid fans foaming at the mouth. After “Transdermal Celebration” and “I Gots A Weasel,” “The Golden Eel” got some extra love as the crowd ceremoniously chanted along. Next, the band set the crowd ablaze with their most MTV-approved track “Push th’ Little Daisies,” off of Pure Guava.Another Pure Guava track came in the form of “Big Jilm” which led to one of the most well-known Ween masterpieces, “Roses Are Free,” which saw Dean Ween (Mickey Melchiondo) render the venue’s “no smoking” policy optional with an especially filthy guitar solo. The always well-received “Mutilated Lips” gave the crowd that funny feeling inside, like when we use to climb the rope in gym class. Speaking of uncomfortable topics, “The HIV Song” Chocolate and Cheese album was awkwardly praised by a fan base as giddy and obnoxious as the band on stage.After “Spinal Meningitis,” Deaner announced that the following song had never been played, and note-takers in the audience braced themselves for a new piece–only to hear a song they had probably listened to 100 times on record. People attend Ween shows praying to hear some serious bust-outs from their deep catalog of eclectic music, but even the brownest and most die-hard of followers were surprised to hear the delicate year rumbling “Among His Tribe,” off the 2003’s Quebec, which made its live Ween debut 14 years after it was released. A truly beautiful piece in the sludgy conglomeration of tracks Ween calls music, the “Among His Tribe” debut spoke to the unique, open-minded spirit of New York’s most love-spreading borough. Smiles only grew after the memorable moment in Ween history as the frequently played “Piss Up a Rope” shot out of the band’s proverbial cannon. Load remaining imageslast_img read more

first_imgAt the recent Harvard IT Summit, Anne Margulies, vice president and University chief information officer, mentioned how Harvard had been at the forefront of information technology since its inception, even to the point of naming the burgeoning field. Quoting from a then-futuristic piece titled “Management in the 1980s” in a 1958 issue of the Harvard Business Review, Margulies noted that the article declared, “We shall call it ‘information technology.’”“Our field didn’t even have a name until Harvard gave it one just 55 years ago,” Margulies told a crowd of about 1,000 in Sanders Theatre on June 6. “Since then, it has been ever-changing, incredibly rapidly, and increasingly important to everything we do … And as a result, we have some of the most exciting, challenging, and rewarding jobs on the planet.”The summit’s keynote speaker was Jonathan Zittrain, professor at Harvard Law School, Harvard Kennedy School, and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, as well as the co-founder of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. He devoted his lecture to the potential “end of .edu.”Zittrain recalled the words of Jonas Salk, who developed the vaccine for polio while a researcher at the University of Pittsburgh. Asked about a possible patent for his discovery, Salk declared that the people owned it, much like they owned the sun. Salk said “there (was) no patent” for the vaccine.For Salk, Zittrain said, the greatest honor was to make advances in his field and to see them have an impact to improve the world. Zittrain added that had Salk patented the vaccine, it would have been worth approximately $7 billion to the University of Pittsburgh in today’s dollars.By contrast, Zittrain cited the example of Lipitor, a medication developed by a pharmaceutical company to lower cholesterol. Since patenting the drug 12 years ago, he said, Pfizer has earned $125 billion from Lipitor sales.“This raises an interesting question: What is the locus for great thoughts and innovation that have an impact on the world?” Zittrain asked. “What makes some thoughts more worthy for .edu to do, and others for .com to do, or is it just a matter of who gets there first?”In fact, Zittrain said, the worlds of .edu and .com have been blending for decades. The co-transformation of eukaryotic cells, which allow researchers to inject foreign DNA into a cell and manipulate cells to accept it, was discovered by Columbia University researchers. The idea to patent the discovery, Zittrain said, “came from one of the co-inventors, Richard Axel, and it struck his other co-inventor as a rather odd thing to do.”But by working with offices at the university that fall within the .com model — offices that work closely with patenting, marketing, and promotion — university research can result in enormous profits for an academic institution. The case discovery of eukaryotic cels, Zittrain said, resulted in $790 million in licensing fees to Columbia University.Zittrain said that the core purposes of educational institutions such as Harvard should be grounded in four ideas: the cultivation of scholarly skills; providing access to the world’s information; freely disseminating “what we know and transform from what we then learn”; and contributing “actively and fiercely” to the development of free information on “open, unowned information platforms” such as the Internet.“But I think there is some value in separating threads that become a little too intertwined with values,” Zittrain said.“If you think it’s all just cash and carry, that’s not what I think we stand for here. Money is a variable, but we’re probably not solving for it: We’re solving for the ‘Veritas’ of it … to decide how much of Jonas Salk’s tradition we want to do, and how much we want to go with another.”last_img read more

first_imgVolume XXXNumber 1Page By Elinor RuarkUniversity of GeorgiaYou can jump-start your car when the battery dies, but trees areon their own. And every year, some trees don’t have enough foodto start the next year’s cycle. “A lot of trees in Georgia won’t start this spring,” said KimCoder, a professor in the University of Georgia’s Warnell Schoolof Forest Resources.”The tree might have died anytime since last fall,” Coder said.”Many will have lived through the winter but don’t have enoughenergy left to completely activate their life processes.Increasing spring temperatures mean they’ll continue to dry outand use stored food supplies until they can’t maintain theirmembranes. Then it’s over.”For other trees, the survivors, warm spring days mean it’s timeto turn on.Warm ‘boot'”When the soil temperature rises above 45 degrees, the rootsbecome more active and begin growing,” Coder said. “As daysbecome longer and air temperatures warmer, buds become active.”Signals from the buds and root tips stimulate new growth andfood transport,” he said. “Because of the ‘start’ signal from thebuds, the aboveground portion of the tree turns on from the topbranches downward.”Different trees do different things when they first turn on inspring, Coder said.Conifers and trees with distinct annual rings, called ring-poroustrees, begin growth by establishing water channels to the buds.Trees with annual rings that are hard to tell apart, calleddiffuse porous trees, begin by establishing new food pathways.”Once they’re growing, all trees make both water and foodpathways,” he said.NextThe next step of spring for trees is to expand their buds andleaves.”This growth is usually at night when water contents are greatenough to pump up each tree part,” Coder said. “Once the leaveshave expanded enough to catch sunlight and their light-capturemachinery is running, the leaves start to make food.”Most of this food is used by the stem and roots, he said. Butsome is stored in the wood made in the past few years. Thisstored food will get the tree through the coming winter and helpit turn on next spring.(Elinor Ruark is a publications specialist with the Universityof Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.)last_img read more