first_imgDN Meyer Plc ( listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2016 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about DN Meyer Plc ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the DN Meyer Plc ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: DN Meyer Plc (  2016 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileDN Meyer Plc manufactures and sells high quality paint for the residential, industrial, automotive, marine and construction sectors in Nigeria. Products in its extensive range include decorative paint, wood paint, vehicles finishes, industrial and marine coatings, road lining paint, roof coating and tube coating. The company also produces a range of tile adhesives. DN Meyer Plc has business interests in selling and renting residential apartments and building and restoring properties. Founded in 1940 and formerly known as DN Meyer Plc, the company changed its name to Meyer Plc in 2016. The company’s head office is in Ikeja, Nigeria. DN Meyer Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

first_imgSterling Bank Plc ( listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2018 presentation results for the half year.For more information about Sterling Bank Plc ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Sterling Bank Plc ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Sterling Bank Plc (  2018 presentation results for the half year.Company ProfileSterling Bank Plc is a financial services institution in Nigeria offering banking products and services to the corporate and commercial sectors as well as high net-worth individuals, small businesses and joint venture partnerships. The company provides a full-service offering for consumer and commercial banking as well as corporate, investment and wholesale banking. This includes loans and advances, letters of credit, equipment leasing, money market operations and electronic banking as well as financial advisory and securities trading services. The company was founded in 1960 and formerly known as NAL Bank Plc. Its head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Sterling Bank Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

first_imgSaturday 24 October    Ireland 21-7 ItalySunday 25 October       Scotland 13-13 FranceRelated: England win Women’s Six Nations with a game to spareROUND FIVESunday 1 November        France v Ireland (tbc, Dublin) Live on RTESunday 1 November        Wales v Scotland (4.15pm, tbc) Live on BBC AlbaSunday 1 November        Italy v England (5pm, Stadio Sergio Lanranchi) Live on Sky SportsROUND THREE Fierce Rivals: England facing Ireland at Twickenham is always a huge contest (Getty Images) Here are some of the key dates you need to know about in the 2020 Six Nations Follow our Six Nations homepage which we update regularly with news and features. Sunday 6 December    Italy v Scotland (6pm, Stadio Sergio Lanranchi) Live on BBC Alba Also make sure you know about the Fixtures, Injuries, TV Coverage by clicking on the highlighted links.Finally, don’t forget to follow Rugby World on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Sat 8 February France 45-10 ItalySun 9 February Ireland 31-12 WalesMonday 10 February Scotland 0-53 EnglandRelated: All the goings-on from round two of the Women’s Six NationsRound 3Sun 23 February Wales 0-50 FranceSun 23 February England 27-0 IrelandSun 23 February Italy v Scotland – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakRelated: England remain on course for Grand Slam after round three of Women’s Six NationsRound 4Sat 7 March England 66-7 WalesSat 7 March Scotland v France – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSun 8 March Ireland v Italy – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakRound 5Sun 15 March Wales v Scotland – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSun 15 March Italy v England – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSun 15 March France v Ireland – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakRESCHEDULED MATCHESROUND FOUR Six Nations DatesHere’s our guide to the 2020 Six Nations, the bulk of which took place early in the year before being suspended because of the pandemic. The fixtures below include the rearranged dates for the four men’s matches that were postponed in March – check them out below.Six Nations Dates2020 Men’s Six NationsRound 1Sat 1 February, Wales 42-0 Italy Reaction: Hat-trick for Josh Adams as Wales thrash ItalySat 1 February, Ireland 19-12 Scotland Reaction: Stuart Hogg drops ball over the line Sun 2 February, France 24-17 England Reaction: France’s fire-up youngsters overcome EnglandRound 2 Sat 8 February, Ireland 24-14 Wales Reaction: Jordan Larmour’s brilliant footworkSat 8 February, Scotland 6-13 England Reaction: England hold nerve in sodden Calcutta Cup boutSun 9 February, France 35-22 Italy Reaction: France go top after blowing hot and coldRound 3Sat 22 February, Italy 0-17 Scotland Reaction: Stuart Hogg scores scorching try in RomeSat 22 February, Wales 23-27 France Reaction: France keep Grand Slam bid on trackSun 23 February, England 24-12 Ireland Reaction: Sexton fumble leads to George Ford tryRound 4Sat 7 March, Ireland v Italy, Aviva Stadium, ITV – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSat 7 March, England 33-30 Wales Reaction: Wales score stunner to bring clash to lifeSun 8 March, Scotland 28-17 France Reaction: Mohamed Haouas sent off against ScotlandRound 5Sat 14 March, Wales v Scotland, Principality Stadium, BBC – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSat 14 March, Italy v England, ITV – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakSat 14 March, France v Ireland, BBC – POSTPONED due to coronavirus outbreakRESCHEDULED MATCHESRound 4Sat 24 October, Ireland 50-17 Italy Reaction: Hugo Keenan scores double on Ireland debutRound 5Sat 31 October, Wales v Scotland, venue TBC, 2.15pmSat 31 October, Italy v England, Stadio Olimpico, 4.45pmSat 31 October, France v Ireland, Stade de France, 8pmWomen’s 2020 Six Nations Round 1Sun 2 February France 13-19 EnglandSun 2 February Ireland 18-14 ScotlandSun 2 February Wales 15-19 ItalyRelated: Catch up on what happened in the first round of the 2020 Women’s Six NationsRound 2last_img read more

first_img 2019 “COPY” Projects Argentina Photographs JL House / Martín Montone Arquitectura JL House / Martín Montone ArquitecturaSave this projectSaveJL House / Martín Montone Arquitectura Area:  173 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Year:  CopyAbout this officeMartín Montone ArquitecturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCity BellArgentinaPublished on April 19, 2019Cite: “JL House / Martín Montone Arquitectura” [Casa JL / Martín Montone Arquitectura] 19 Apr 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemRailing / BalustradesMitrexIntegrated Photovoltaic Railing – BIPV RailingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassHanging LampsVibiaHanging Lamp – VOLConcreteKrytonCrystalline Waterproofing – KIMSkylightsLAMILUXGlass Skylight FE PassivhausPorcelain StonewareCosentinoSurfaces – Dekton® Chromica CollectionBricksFeldhaus KlinkerThin Bricks – ClassicGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Printing for Interior DesignWoodStructureCraftEngineering – FootbridgesAluminium CompositesCymat Technologies Ltd.Bundang Doosan Tower – Alusion™ Stabilized Aluminum FoamTable LampsRoss GardamDesk Lamp – OraMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream CopyHouses•City Bell, Argentina Lead Architect: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Manufacturers: Aserradero Nelson, Ceramicos La Plata, Corralón San Rafael, Hierros Trotta, Hormigonera LFR Photographs:  Luis Barandiarán Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Houses Save this picture!© Luis Barandiarán+ 24Curated by Clara Ott Share ArchDaily Martín Montone “COPY” Structural Calculation:NPL IngenieriaCovered Surface:138,14 m2Half Covered Surface:35,18 m2Execution Time:12 monthsCity:City BellCountry:ArgentinaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Luis BarandiaránRecommended ProductsDoorsSolarluxBi-Folding Doors – EcolineEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEADoorsStudcoAccess Panels – AccessDorDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaText description provided by the architects. The house is located in a residential neighborhood in the outskirts of La Plata, province of Buenos Aires. In a plot of 10m x 30m, with obligatory removal from the front and from the side, the requirement of the clients to obtain as much free space as possible, and the budget allocated according to a mortgage loan, were the guidelines that led us to generate a compact house, without idle circulation, and with flexibility in the private area.Save this picture!Floor PlansSave this picture!© Luis BarandiaránIt is a permanent home for a young couple with 3 daughters. The house is divided into two floors, the social area, on the ground floor, more linked to the outside, consists of a covered garage below the block that flies upstairs, semi-covered access, a living / dining room with large windows to the garden, toilette , and a large kitchen in relation to its own patio / laundry to obtain visuals, entrance of light in the afternoon and filtered ventilation through pre-molded concrete sunshades that give privacy to it.Save this picture!© Luis BarandiaránThe upper floor contains the private areas of the house, with a master bedroom with bathroom, a large bedroom for the girls, a bathroom and a games room. The spatial organization of the upper floor gives the possibility of generating 3 individual bedrooms as the daughters grow up.Save this picture!© Luis BarandiaránThese two floors are linked through the block of stairs in concrete seen from boards that cross the levels until forming the enclosure that contains the water tank. The materials chosen for this house are the wood board imprinted concrete that sews the house vertically, interior and exterior white walls, and the wood that brings warmth to the whole.Save this picture!© Luis BarandiaránSave this picture!SectionsSave this picture!© Luis BarandiaránProject gallerySee allShow lessHideaway House / TRIASSelected ProjectsStudio Hundred and 7 N / Debaixo do Bloco ArquiteturaSelected Projects Share Architects: Martín Montone Arquitectura Area Area of this architecture projectlast_img read more

first_img By Andy Eubank – Oct 20, 2015 Villwock surpriseA luncheon in Indianapolis on Monday gave many of Don Villwock’s longtime friends and those running the state’s commodity groups a chance to say thanks for his many years of service. He’s retiring as Indiana Farm Bureau president and is also on the American Farm Bureau presidential campaigning trail. They pulled off the planned surprise.“It was a big surprise as they brought a big cadre of folks from almost every ag profession here today without my knowledge, and my family was here to surprise me as well. So it was a great, fun event and an emotional event because many in this group have traveled with me for my whole career and really been allies but most importantly friends in agriculture.”Among those present to honor Villwock was longtime friend and a noted Indiana ag leader and advocate Maury Williamson.“We made the trip but I would go hundreds of miles because the half century I’ve been around him he’s genuine. He’s never lost that love for the land and the people who are on it,” Williamson said. “We just hope he gets to be national president because he is a well organized, determined leader.”Jane Ade Stevens, Executive Director of Indiana Soybean Alliance and Indiana Corn which hosted the lunch, told HAT Villwock is a farmer who would prefer to be farming but “knows how to be a great leader in the boardroom for farmers on really tough, difficult issues. It’s a really special person who can do that and willing to give the time to do that because obviously it takes a lot of time. We are very honored that he has been with us as president in Indiana and even more excited that he might be the next president of American Farm Bureau Federation.”Don Villwock was presented with a variety of gifts including a premium table for 10 at February’s Purdue Ag Alumni Fish Fry featuring retired basketball coaches Gene Keady and Bob Knight. SHARE Previous articleIndiana Crop Moisture Levels Evening OutNext articleHow VW’s Diesel Engine Debacle Will Affect Farmers Andy Eubank Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter Home Indiana Agriculture News Indiana Ag Friends Say Thanks to Villwock Indiana Ag Friends Say Thanks to Villwock SHARElast_img read more

first_img United KingdomEurope – Central Asia Freedom of expression Press contact: Rebecca Vincent, [email protected], +44 (0)7583 137751 Help by sharing this information The 2017 World Press Freedom Index, released today by Reporters Without Borders – known internationally as Reporters sans frontières (RSF) – revealed a decline in the UK’s ranking. Down two places from last year, the UK has come in at 40th out of 180 countries in terms of respect for press freedom. “The rate at which democracies are approaching the tipping point is alarming for all those who understand that, if media freedom is not secure, then none of the other freedoms can be guaranteed”, RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “Where will this downward spiral take us?” to go further February 12, 2021 Find out more In November 2016, the UK parliament adopted the menacing Investigatory Powers Act, referred to as the most extreme surveillance legislation ever adopted in the UK. The law lacks sufficient mechanisms to protect whistleblowers, journalists, and their sources, and RSF has cautioned it could serve as a death sentence for investigative journalism in the UK. April 26, 2017 Worrying moves under May’s leadership lead to dropped UK ranking in RSF’s 2017 World Press Freedom Index RSF condemns BBC broadcast ban as example of Chinese government reprisal United KingdomEurope – Central Asia Freedom of expression Safety of journalists remains active concern in Northern Ireland as BBC Panorama team is threatened News News News RSF_en Receive email alerts Organisation February 11, 2021 Find out more Section 40 of the Crime and Courts Act 2013 continues to pose a threat to press freedom; it contains a cost-shifting provision that, if implemented, could hold publishers liable for the costs of all claims made against them, regardless of merit. Even more alarming is the Law Commission’s proposal for a new ‘Espionage Act’ that would make it easy to label journalists and others as ‘spies’ and jail them for up to 14 years for simply obtaining leaked information. Follow the news on United Kingdom Throughout the year, RSF highlighted a number of worrying moves against press freedom in the UK. In September 2016, UK border authorities detained and questioned award-winning Syrian journalist Zaina Erhaim at London Heathrow airport, then seized her passport, which had falsely been flagged as stolen by the Assad regime, leaving Erhaim and her infant daughter at risk. Seven months later, the UK Home Office has yet to return the passport. “We remain concerned about the trend of deteriorating press freedom both globally and in the UK, particularly now with a general election approaching, as a vibrant media and a robust public debate are essential to the democratic process”, said Rebecca Vincent, RSF UK Bureau Director. “The UK government must act now to reverse this worrying trend and ensure that it is respecting and protecting press freedom in line with the UK’s international commitments”. News March 23, 2021 Find out more The drop in the UK’s ranking fits in with a broader trend in this year’s Index of leading democracies falling, including the United States, Chile, and New Zealand. The high-profile media bashing and toxic anti-media discourse surrounding Brexit in the UK contributed to a new global era of post-truth, disinformation, and fake news. Solidarity with Swedish media outlet Realtid ahead of UK defamation case hearinglast_img read more

first_img Published 11:00 pm Thursday, May 3, 2012 Print Article By Secrets Revealed Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration You Might Like Firefighters receive free crucial training Firefighters have been battling a blaze on Orion Street all week, but that’s not a bad thing. A live burn… read more This Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s… Skip Smith said the TroyFest Student Art Competition is a good way to promote the arts and the artists in the community and the surrounding area.“The competition goes back to the foundation of art, which is the school system,” Smith said. “And, with the show held at the Johnson Center, it is also an opportunity for the students to be in the same place and at the same time with professional artists.”This year, the students shared gallery space with the artwork of the late Jean Lake, who was the inspiration for TroyFest, the annual juried arts and crafts show. Latest Stories Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthBet You’re Pretty Curious About Jaden’s Net Worth Right About Now, HuhBradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Eighty-three budding young artists were recognized Saturday as winners in the 2012 TroyFest Student Art Competition. Certificates were presented to the winners as part of TroyFest activities at noon at the Gazebo on the square.“Pam Smith, coordinator of the annual student art competition, said more than 150 students in kindergarten through 12th grades participated. Their artwork was on display at the Johnson Center for the Arts throughout TroyFest, Saturday and Sunday.“It is hard for a pencil drawing to compete with a painting or a sculpture,” Smith said. “So we have different categories and first, second and third place awards are presented in each category. We also have overall winners in each of the five age divisions. The winners in each of the age divisions win $100 for their classroom teacher to use for art supplies.” Book Nook to reopen By Jaine Treadwell Email the author Sponsored Content Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits The TroyFest Art Competition winners in grades three through five are: Drawing – Brandon Curtis, first; John Baxley Sanders, second; and Demi Huynh, third. Painting – Nicholas Loflin, first; Ayush Patel, second; Jeffery Knotts, third. Printmaking- Niky Li, first; Sydney Watson, second; and Cole Curtis, third. Mixed Media – Kiley Edenfield, first; Brandon Warren, second; and Bryce Senn, third. Sculpture- James Allen, first; Virginia Brunson, second; and Hannah Huner, third.The winners of the TroyFest Art Competition in grades six through eight are: Drawing, Perry Bunn, first; Kacie Gibbons, second; and Kaylee Parker, third. Painting – Chelsea Holland, first; Kelsi Huynh, second; and Laken Maulden, third. Printmaking – Kaytlin Morgan, first; Perry Bunn, second; and Dillon McWaters, third. Mixed Media- Sarah Gordan, first; Chelsea Holland, second; and Cole Sanders, third. Sculpture – Kacie Gibbons, first; Peighton Carpenter, second; and Allyson Stamey, third. Photography Jackie Miller, first place.TroyFest Art Competition winners in grades nine and10 are: Drawing – Jessica Large, first; Mikaela Stewart, second; and Kortnee Lampley, third. Painting – Jessica Large, first; Kristina Cole, second; and Kortnee Lampley, third. Printmaking – Sabriya Burks, first; Joshua Newson, second; and Kait Ross, third. Mixed Media – Sabriya Burks, first; Sydney Coleman, second; and Allie, Cooke, third. Computer Image – Joshua Newson, first; Aimee Frankum, second; and Sabriya Burks, third.The winners in the TroyFest Art Competition from grades 11 and 12 are: Drawing, Jazmine Johnson, first, and Amanda Jordan, second. Painting – Betsey Jennings, first; Victoria Finkelstein, second; and Amanda Jordan, third. Printmaking – Betsey Jennings, first; Antoine Nelson, second; and Victoria Sawyer, third. Mixed Media, Christopher Howell, first; Amanda Jordan, second; and William Schrieber, third. Sculpture – Antoine Nelson, first, and Victoria Sawyer, second. Photography – Kate Mayotte, first, and Kalyn Skaggs, second. Computer Image – Jessica Cottrell, first; Quinton Marshall, second; and Rebecca Nasca, third. “More than 200 people visited the Johnson Center during TroyFest to see the students’ artwork,” Smith said. “Many of them had not had an opportunity to see the arts center and, hopefully, they realized how wonderful it is and will visit the gallery during other exhibitions.”The overall, Best of Show winners in the different age divisions are Jamelia Woods, Troy Elementary School, grades K-2; Jessica Wilcox, Troy Elementary School, grades 3-5; Hillary Barron, Charles Henderson Middle School, grades 6-8; Elizabeth Orlofsky, Charles Henderson High School, 9-10; and Amber Griffin, Pike County High School, grades 11-12.The winners of the TroyFest Art Competition kindergarten through second grade are:Drawing- Noah Prestwood, first; Lizzie Weed, second; and Caleb Bullock, third. Painting- Neha Sony, first; Mary Britton Hicks, second; and Dee Allen, third. Printmaking – Mkyra Hobdy, first; Kameron Ousley, second; and Brianna, Reynolds, third. Mixed Media- Tatum Brook, first; Nathan Arnold, second; and Sophie Kirk, third. Sculpture- Colton Taylor, first; Lily Ryan, second; and Morgan Barron, third. Winners in TroyFest recognized Troy falls to No. 13 Clemsonlast_img read more

first_imgSainsbury’s has announced a fall of 14% in underlying yearly profits in its trading update, but saw a turnaround in pre-tax profits, which were up by £620m.The supermarket giant made £587m in the year ending 12 March, down from £681m in the previous year. But it recorded a £548m pre-tax profit, after a £72m loss for 2014-2015 when it was forced to record a £628m writedown in the value of its property, as well as pay other charges.Sainsbury’s said it had suffered from fierce competition in UK supermarkets, as shoppers turn to discounters such as Aldi and Lidl. In response, it said that in partnership with Dansk Supermarked, it has opened 15 Netto stores.Like-for-like (LFL) sales fell 0.9%, while Sainsbury’s total sales, excluding VAT and petrol, dropped to £23.5bn from £23.8bn a year earlier.The update also mentioned the sugar debate. It said: “We anticipate that we will remove a total of 80.3 tonnes of sugar from our customers’ baskets per year, equivalent to 321 million calories.”Changing rapidlyThe UK food retail landscape was described as “changing rapidly” and the update said grocery retailers “will need to invest in customer insight tools to anticipate and better serve changing customer needs”.Mike Coupe, chief executive of Sainsbury’s, said: “We are making good progress against the strategy we outlined to shareholders in November 2014. We continue to outperform our main supermarket peers and maintain market share in a competitive, deflationary environment.last_img read more

first_imgSome sad news today for longtime fans of the Chris Robinson Brotherhood, as the band has announced the departure of original bassist, Mark “Muddy” Dutton. His final show with the band will be March 19 at the Rendezvous Festival in Jackson Hole, WY.“It has been a great adventure. I wish my brothers a long and beautiful journey, as I leave with pride and fond memories,” says Dutton in a statement. “I’m looking forward to the rise of The CRB as they continue to bring the old world to the new.”Robinson added: “It’s been a great five years. We wish Muddy all the best in his future.”Dutton will be temporarily replaced in the CRB with Austin, TX-based bassist George Reiff. Reiff previously recorded and toured with Robinson in New Earth Mud from 2004 through 2006, and he will fill in throughout the month of April.Meanwhile, the band recently announced a tour and have extensive plans to both release a new album and tour throughout 2016. Robinson is also heading up the Chris Robinson Soul Revue at the upcoming Fool’s Paradise festival in St. Augustine, FL from April 1-2, bringing along Neal Casal from the CRB and performing with Ivan Neville, George Porter Jr., Eric Krasno, Nikki Glaspie and The Shady Horns. More information about the festival can be found via the official website.Check out the CRB’s full tour schedule below, and head to the band’s website for details.Chris Robinson Brotherhood Tour DatesMarch 19 – Teton Village, WY – Jackson Hole Rendevous FestivalApril 2 – Saint Augustine, FL – Fool’s Paradise *April 15 – Portland, OR – Wonder Ballroom **April 16 – Seattle, WA – The Showbox **April 17 – Eugene, CA – Hi-Fi Music HallApril 19 – Eureka, CA – Eureka TheatreApril 21 – Petaluma, CA – McNear’s Mystic TheatreApril 22 – Petaluma, CA – McNear’s Mystic TheatreApril 23 – Santa Ana, CA – The ObservatoryApril 25 – Las Vegas, NV – Brooklyn BowlApril 8 – Vail, CO – Spring Back To VailMay 13 – Cherokee, TX – Cherokee Creek Music FestivalJune 2 – Hunter, NY – Mountain JamJune 5 – Knoxville, TN – Bijou TheaterJune 6 – Birmingham, AL – Iron CityJune 9 – New Orleans, LA – Tipitina’sJune 10 – Dallas, TX – Gas Monkey LiveJune 11 – Austin TX – Scoot InnJune 14 – Little Rock, AR – Revolution Music HallJune 15 – Jackson, MS – Duling HallJune 16 – Memphis, TN – New Daisy TheatreJune 30-July 4 – Quincy, CA – High Sierra Music FestivalAugust 25-28 – Arrington, VA – LOCKN’*Chris Robinson Soul Revue** w/ moe.[Photo via Greg Homolka]last_img read more

first_imgThis is part of our Coronavirus Update series in which Harvard specialists in epidemiology, infectious disease, economics, politics, and other disciplines offer insights into what the latest developments in the COVID-19 outbreak may bring.Much of Deirdre Barrett’s work has involved the study of dreams, particularly the distressing dreams and nightmares of those affected by trauma, including combat veterans, former prisoners of war, and 9/11 first responders. More recently, the assistant professor of psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, whose books include “The Committee of Sleep” and “Trauma and Dreams,” has created an online survey to collect the dreams of people living through the coronavirus pandemic. To date she has more than 2,500 responses recounting more than 6,000 dreams. Barrett spoke with the Gazette about how she sees the outbreak affecting the quality and content of people’s dreams.Q&ADeirdre BarrettGAZETTE: What exactly is happening in our subconscious during periods of extreme stress? How is that manifesting in our dreams?BARRETT: When we dream, our brain is in this state where visual areas are much more active than when we’re awake, and on average, emotional areas are a little more active. Our prefrontal cortex right behind our forehead, which controls the most precise linear logic and also censors inappropriate social things, as well as the right way to do things in our professional thinking, is very much damped down. Our verbal areas are somewhat less active. So, I think we’re thinking about the same things that we were most focused on by day, but in this other state of consciousness. We have more intuitive thinking and less linear thinking about things. Once in a while, we’ll see that our unconscious looks much more scared than we’re feeling by day or provides us with some optimistic perspective that we haven’t had by day. But I think in general, being anxious by day and having anxiety dreams correlate both as traits that a person carries over long periods of time, but also as a state for a short period of time when there’s a stressor.GAZETTE: Do you think extra sleep, or lack of sleep, might contribute to vivid coronavirus dreams?BARRETT: More sleep than usual, such as many people are getting now, means more dream time. And it’s not just proportional: Our last REM period of the night is the longest and more “dense” in REM, which correlates with long, vivid dreams, so an alarm clock chopping off a bit of sleep chops off a lot of dreaming. The relationship to insomnia is more complicated. If one is simply sleeping a shorter time, then there’s less dreaming. However, if less sleep is because of frequent awakenings — whether due to noise, anxiety, etc. — one is likely to awaken out of more REM periods, which results in more dream recall though not more actual dreaming.,GAZETTE: Broadly, are you seeing patterns or themes in the dreams you’ve been collecting through your survey?BARRETT: I’m noticing big clusters of dream content. One is very literally about getting the virus — that’s been a fairly common dream where the person is short of breath or spiking a fever. Or sometimes it’s a little more fantastic. One woman looked down and saw blue stripes on her stomach and remembered in the dream that was supposed to be the first sign of a COVID-19 infection. Then there are metaphors for the virus — there’s a big sub-cluster of bug dreams. After 9/11, I saw metaphors as well as literal dreams about those events. But I didn’t see bug dreams after 9/11. And I’ve just seen dozens and dozens and dozens of every kind of bug imaginable attacking the dreamer: There are swarms of every kind of flying insect you’ve ever heard of; there are armies of cockroaches racing at the dreamer; there are masses of wriggling worms; there were some grasshoppers with vampire fangs; there are bed bugs, stink bugs.GAZETTE: What do you think that is about?BARRETT: When we say “I’ve got a bug,” that means “I’m sick” and often “I’ve got a virus.” So I think it’s partly just that association. But then a little bit deeper than just the word, I think, is the idea of lots of little things that cumulatively can hurt or kill you is really a very good metaphor for the virus particles.GAZETTE: Are you seeing other things that represent the virus in people’s dreams?BARRETT: I see every other bad event possible being plugged in as a metaphor for the virus. There are tsunamis and tornadoes and hurricanes and earthquakes and fires breaking out and mass shooters in the streets. And I did see all of those after 9/11. But I think a somewhat higher proportion of these dreams are metaphoric, because we don’t have one clear image that automatically goes with the COVID-19 virus or the pandemic. And yet the dreaming mind is so visual that, when it’s feeling anxious and worried, it seeks to represent that with an appropriate visual image. For 9/11, we saw plenty of dreams about buildings falling down or planes crashing into things, and hijackers with knives. So today, there are a fair number of metaphoric ones and the metaphoric ones will often have a little bit of literal pandemic content. For instance, [New York Gov. Andrew] Cuomo will be telling people in their dreams that they have to shelter in their homes because of the shooters in the street or the swarms of bugs, or you need to put a mask on because of the swarms of bugs, or you’re sheltering at home because fires are breaking out, or [President] Trump is telling you that the tsunami is fake news. So, they’ll have bits of sort of the real details included.,GAZETTE: Anything else that you’ve noticed specifically related to coronavirus?BARRETT: Early on, I saw an awful lot of dreams that seemed to be sort of practicing mask wearing or social distancing. In about half of them, the dreamer would be out in public and realize they didn’t have their mask and panic or realize they had gotten too close to someone. In the other half, they would be doing what they were supposed to, and other people would not have their masks on or be crowding in the dream or be coughing on the dreamer. And they seemed like just these anxiety dreams. As you’re learning a new skill, you often kind of dream about what you’re trying to learn. There’s a little less emphasis on the, “I’m getting the virus,” either metaphorically or for real, in dreams. What I’m beginning to see — these have been there from the start but they’re on the increase — are dreams about the aspects of the lockdown or other things that are an outgrowth of the pandemic. The most common is definitely the shelter-at-home stuff. People who are sheltering at home alone will dream that they’ve been locked up in prison, or one woman was sent to Mars by herself to establish the first one-person Mars colony. There was a woman who in reality was homeschooling her child, but she dreamed that that someone had decided that her child’s entire class had to come and live with her. So you see dreams exaggerating isolation for some people or exaggerating crowding or a reduction in privacy rights for others. And those are on the increase, as are dreams about finding out all your money’s gone, or trying to get a job and not being able to.GAZETTE: Are you able to distinguish any differences in the dreams of those who are on the front lines? Or maybe even people who’ve had a diagnosis of COVID-19?BARRETT: I have more than 600 health care workers now. It’s still a small part of the total sample, but I really see strong trends. Of the people who are working in the ICU or the emergency rooms or even just general medical units, in most cases they’re having full-on nightmares. And they look like trauma nightmares, meaning they’re not as dreamlike and bizarre and metaphorical as most of the other dreams. They tend to involve taking care of someone who’s dying of COVID-19, and they’re trying to do something like put a patient on a respirator, or get the tube reattached that’s come off a respirator, or the respirator machines are not working. So they feel like it’s their responsibility to save this person’s life, and yet they don’t actually have much control over it, and the person is dying anyway. That’s their nightmare. It’s the worst moment from their daytime experiences. “I see every other bad event possible being plugged in as a metaphor for the virus.” The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. GAZETTE: Can you say more about the difference between anxiety dreams, nightmares, and trauma dreams?BARRETT: All anxiety dreams are not nightmares. We usually reserve the word nightmare for dreams where somebody just feels overwhelmed with terror, as opposed to when anxiety dominates the dream. But traumatic nightmares are really a thing unto themselves. They don’t look as dreamlike as dreams. The vast majority of ordinary dreams and garden-variety nightmares are happening during rapid-eye-movement, or REM, sleep. That’s not true of traumatic nightmares when they’ve been studied in the sleep lab. They’re happening across all stages of sleep, which is really unusual. We think that they may actually be similar to what is happening with daytime flashbacks, that there are just these intrusive trauma memories that are intruding on your consciousness during any state of consciousness, from waking to dreaming sleep to what is usually nondreaming sleep.GAZETTE: Is there anything we can do to try to control what we dream about?BARRETT: The best way to do that is to think of what you would like to dream about. You could pick out a person you’d like to see in your dream tonight, or a favorite place. Some people enjoy flying dreams, or some people have just had an all-time lifetime favorite dream. So pick what you’d like to dream about. And if it’s a general one, like a person or place, just visualize that person or place. Or you can put some photograph of what you’re trying to dream about on your nightstand so you look at it as the last thing before you go to sleep. If you have a particular favorite dream you’re focusing on, you might try to replay that in detail before falling asleep. And that would make you likelier to have a similar dream. And that both makes it likelier that you’ll dream about that content, and it also makes it less likely you’ll have anxiety dreams.Interview was edited for content and length.last_img read more